Having a home inspection done before closing the deal on a new home is very important. Even though you may not be required to do so, getting a thorough home inspection will alert you to any problem areas in the house and its systems. Home inspectors are trained to find problems that may not be apparent to most people.
The home inspector will check for many defects on the outside of the house. He will look for structural problems and check the roof for leaks or other defects. He may walk on the roof if possible, or he might inspect it from a ladder.
The inspector will also examine doors, windows, and decks on the outside. Even driveways and walkways may be inspected. He will also check for proper rainwater disposal. This is important to prevent damage to the house's foundation.
Once the outside of the house has been thoroughly inspected, the inspector will move on to the inside. Ceilings, doors, and walls will be checked for defects and signs of structural damage or water leakage. The attic will also be inspected for similar problems, as well as adequate ventilation and insulation.
The basement and crawl space are an important part of the inspection. The home inspector will check the foundation walls to ensure that they have no critical weaknesses. He will also look for signs of water intrusion and other defects.
The inspector will test the home's electrical system for shorts or other wiring problems. He will also test for proper grounding. He will check for proper capacity and size of the electrical panel, and check for unsafe wiring materials.
The plumbing will be thoroughly checked. The inspector will determine what types of pipes are used, ensure that they are functioning correctly, and check for adequate water pressure and flow. He will inspect all fixtures, toilets, and drains for damage and proper function.
Heating and air conditioning systems will be checked for functionality and safety. The inspector will determine whether or not heating and cooling are distributed to all areas that they should be distributed to. He will check for carbon monoxide and possibly advise you if there are any ways that energy conservation could be improved.
The inspector will check throughout the home for evidence of termites or other wood-destroying insects. This is one of the most important parts of the inspection. Not only is it a vital consideration to the buyer, it is often required by mortgage lenders.
Home inspectors primarily look for signs of problems that could cause structural damage or safety concerns. These problems may or may not be known to the home's current owner. It is important to know the condition of the home you are preparing to buy to prevent any unpleasant surprises.